The economist, 8 March 2014 - HOW unusual is Africa’s demography? If you take a selection of countries, from Algeria and Tunisia in the north to Botswana and South Africa in the south, you may answer: not that unusual. In the early 1960s those nations had fertility rates of between 5.5 and 7.5, meaning the average woman there could expect to have that number of children during her lifetime. That was about the same as fertility in Brazil, China, Indonesia and Mexico at the time. Now, all the countries have similar fertility rates of between 1.5 and 3.0. The main difference is that the Asian and Latin American nations saw their fertility decline at a fairly steady pace over the past 50 years, whereas the African ones saw their fertility stay high until the mid-1980s, then fall sharply.
Daily Maverick, 6 March 2014 - Economist Joseph Stiglitz seems a politician’s economist. Unlike those economists that President Harry Truman had so famously railed against with his cry, “For God’s sake, will someone please send me a one-handed economist!” after he had heard one too many of those “well, on the one hand, but on the other hand” formulations, Joseph Stiglitz seems never to have been afraid to say exactly what he thinks about things – and his presentation at Discovery Leadership Summit in Johannesburg was no exception. J. BROOKS SPECTOR listened to the lecture and then spoke with him afterwards.
The Hindu, 6 March 2014 - Despite the Foreign Office emphasising that India was looking for an undersea route to source gas from Iran, bypassing Pakistan in the process, reliable sources here maintained that the India-Pakistan-Iran (IPI) “Peace Pipeline” still remained on the drawing board and was the most viable option.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) invests in microfinance, and in the capacity building of MFI managers in particular, because it believes that microfinance can help realize its vision of decent work for all. Microcredit and microleasing products provide opportunities for small investments in self-employment and job creation. Emergency loans, savings and micro insurance provide the means for poor people and youth to better cope with risk. When microfinance is delivered through group-based models, it can provide opportunities for the poor to organize and have a voice. Some MFIs, particularly those that partner with other public or private actors in pursuit of a social mission, are actively discouraging child and bonded labour, and helping micro entrepreneurs to grow and formalize.
This research report analyses how young Australians are managing their transition from education to work. It is based on data from the Life Patterns project, a two-decade longitudinal research program of the Youth Research Centre at The University of Melbourne. This report focuses on the experiences of cohort two, the generation that left secondary school in 2006 (as also referred to as Generation Y) in order to map their integration to the labour market. The analysis explores what Furlong (2007: 102) describes as ‘the grey area between employment and unemployment’ to understand the nature and quality of young adults’ working conditions. The report also draws on the experiences of cohort one, who left school in 1991 (corresponding to Generation X).
Office of the UN Secretary-General's Envoy on Youth announced the calendar of youth related meetings which will be held in 2014.
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